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Western Europe


 Germany, Austria, Switzerland and the Nertherlands

Great Britain - Medieval 

Great Britain - Tudor - 17th century

 Great Britain - 18th - 19th century

Great Britain - Modern



 Spain and Portugal



Western Europe


The Bibliotheque Nationale de France's stunning digital library of texts and images. The collection can be searched and also browsed in a number of ways

Maps of Paris

Napoleonic Wars Series
Selections from Napoleon's and Wellington's correspondence and dispatches plus memoirs of other figures from the war. Created by the War Times Journal.

Germany, Austria and the Netherlands

Austro-Hungarian Empire
Primary documents of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Site maintained at Brigham Young University.

History of the Berlin Wall
The history of the Berlin Wall, from its creation to its destruction.

German Propaganda Archive
"Collection of English translations of propaganda material from Nazi Germany and the German Democratic Republic" created by Professor Randall Bytwerk of Calvin College.

German Historical Maps
Access to a selection of maps detailing the political development, economic unification, and administrative development in Germany and in Europe. Maps are available by state/region and by nation. From the Institut für europäische Geschichte (Institute for European History) at the University of Mainz

German Studies Web
The German Studies Web is designed to provide access to scholarly resources in German Studies. Created by the Western European Specialists Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries

Swiss Diplomatic Documents
"A collection of documents on Swiss foreign policy.

Virtual Museums - Germany
Virtual museums in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

Great Britain


Anglo-Saxon Charters
The product of a project to organize the corpus of Anglo- Saxon charters, this is an extensive online collection of texts, documents, and research aids.

CELT: Corpus of Electronic Texts
"To bring the wealth of Irish literary and historical culture (in Irish, Latin, Old Norse, Anglo-Norman French, and English) to the Internet in a rigorously scholarly project." Literary and historical texts date from the medieval period to the 20th c.

Early Manuscripts at Oxford University
Digital facsimiles of complete manuscripts, scanned directly from the originals. Also see Life of Edward the Confessor, a 13th century manuscript.

Life of King Edward, The Confessor
Mid-13th century manuscript.

Medieval English Urban History
The "aim of this site is to provide historical information about cities and towns in England during the Middle Ages, with particular emphasis on medieval boroughs of East Anglia and on social, political and constitutional history. A selection of primary documents (translated into English) revelant to English urban history is included."

Secrets of the Norman Invasion
Complete with extensive footnotes, Domesday maps, Bayeux Tapestry plates, aerial and resistivity survey photos.

Tudor & 17th Century

Bodleian Library Broadside Ballads
Searchable collection of over 30,000 digitized British broadside ballads dating from the 16th to early 20th centuries. Includes a small collection of sound files.

Folger Shakespeare Library
Information about the library and archval finding aids.

Gunpowder Plot Society
This site promotes and provides information on all aspects of the Gunpowder Plot.

Life in Elizabethan England
Site covering everything about everyday life in Tudor England

Renaissance Faires
Perhaps it all began as a prank, but because of those wacky harbingers of things past, the Society for Creative Anachronisms, there's been a huge revival in Medieval and Renaissance festivals. Here's a list of some of the larger faires, including one in New York State. What better way to experience the age of Chaucer than to attend a real joust, purchase victuals from a goodly wench or find yourself playfully accosted by highway men armed with swords? en garde!

Richard III Society Online Library
"Full-text editions and extracts of fifteenth-through nineteenth-century sources on the Ricardian controversy" including Croyland Chronical Continuations.

Shakespeare Resources
"The Electronic Text Center's holdings include a variety of Shakespeare resources that range from early Quartos, the complete 1623 First Folio, and early playhouse promptbooks, to more modern editions and to many bibliographical articles that discuss Shakespeare's works." Created at the University of Virginia.

Tudor History
This site provides historical narrative, biographies, images and transcripts of selected primary sources dealing with the Tudor period.

Tyburn Tree: Public Execution in Early Modern England
"Tyburn Tree is designed to provide information on the Web about public execution in Early Modern England, specifically in London." Includes links to documents and a brief bibliography.

18th - 19th Century

Bank of England
Includes a history of this important institution as well as finding aids to the archival collection.

British History 1700-1950
Hundreds of articles dealing with various aspects of British history the Monarchy and Parlimentary Reform to the Emancipation of Women and the Labor Movement.

British Empire:
Information on Britain's colonization around the worl including mercantile history, Britain in the Far East and the Raj.

Charles Booth Online Archive
The Charles Booth Online Archive is a searchable resource giving access to archive material from the Booth collections ( digitized versions of poverty maps, police notebooks, etc.)

The Drawn Sword: Engravings and Woodcuts from the MacBean Stuart and Jacobite Collection
Searchable collection of 1,300 digitized engravings and woodcuts from the MacBean Stuart and Jacobite Collection.

Guildhall Library and Manuscripts Collection
Records of the Diocese of London, St. Paul's Cathedral, the City wards and parishes, the City livery companies, as well as family and estate records, commercial archives and other materials, including international records.

Industrial Revolution & the Railway System
Primary sources including the Illustrated London News.

Irish Famine Links
Extensive links to the Irish Potato Famine. This site is sponsored by the International Famine Center.

The Irish Famine - The BBC
Historical essay comprised of chapters that can be clicked.

The Great Irish Famine  
Award winning University of Wisconsin sponsored site..

Irish History Online
Irish History Online is an authoritative guide (in progress) to what has been written about Irish history from earliest times to the present. It currently contains approximately 70,000 bibliographic records (December 2009). IHO was established in 2003 with funding from the Irish Research Council for the Humanities and Social Sciences and was developed in association with the Royal Historical Society Bibliography of British and Irish History

John Bull and Uncle Sam: Four Centuries of British-American Relations
Exhibit by the Library of Congress and British Library. "To illuminate the interwoven history of the two nations from the earliest British settlement in Virginia to the present, the exhibition examines exploration and settlement; war, both as enemies and allies; language and literature; science and technology; reform movements; and popular culture."

Monuments and Dust: The Culture of Victorian London
"A complex visual, textual, and statistical representation of Victorian London." Created by Professors from the University of London, University of Virginia and Vassar College.

Regimental Histories of some British Army Units that served in India
History of regiments since the 1700's that have served in India, as well as other pertinent links.

Romantic Chronology
Primarily a literary site, links to writings of the Romantic period are arranged chronologically. Edited by Laura Mandell at Miami University, Ohio.

Scottish Military Historical Society
Also includes articles from Dispatch, the journal of the Society.

The Spectator Project
"The Spectator Project is an interactive hypermedia environment for the study of The Tatler and The Spectator and of the eighteenth-century periodical in general." Currently in progress.

Victorian Dictionary
A guide to the social history of the Victorian period organized as a dictionary. Interesting and fun!

Victorian Web
An Encyclopedia of the era, created by George Landows and funded by the University Scholars Program

Victorian Web
Many links to international sites. This web page is maintained by Mitsuharu Matsuoka
Associate Professor at Nagoya University.

Modern -- 20th century.

Battle of Britain
The Royal Air Force's site on the Battle of Britain includes background information, daily reports and photographs.

Churchill: The Evidence
Extensive biographical data on Winston Churchill.

Imperial War Museum Online Exhibitions Collection
Charts British War history from WWI until the late 20th century.


The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy
The complete text of Jacob Burckhardt's well-known essay .

Digital Dante
"The ILTweb Digital Dante Project is a long-term effort of the Institute for Learning Technologies at Columbia University to prototype and develop an online, multimedia Dante-related academic resource combining traditional elements of scholarly research with new communication and presentation possibilities enabled by networked digital technology."

Italian Links Index - Jounals
Virtual Library links to journals.

Italian Index
An academic site with links to all areas of Italian History from Paleolithic, Etruscans and Ancient Rome, to the Renaissance, Risorgimento, and our 21st century. Created and maintained by Brigham Young University

Italian Life Under Fascism
"A virtual exhibition exploring the nature of Italian fascism in the early twentieth century. Digital reproductions of original documents provide insight into "the character and range of Fascist propaganda and the special cult of the Duce that it fostered.""

Italian Studies Web
The Italian Studies Web is designed to provide access to scholarly resources in Italian Studies. Maintained by the Western European Specialists Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries.

Medici Archive Project
Cataloging for DOCUMENTARY SOURCES FOR THE ARTS AND HUMANITIES in the The Medici Granducal Archive: (1537-1743) as well as textile and art collections and the collection of Jewish History, Religion and Culture in the Medici Archive.

Online Catasto of 1427
Searchable database of tax data for the city of Florence in 1427-1429.


The Danish History
Translation of the 11 volumes of the Danish historian Saxo originally written in the 13th century. Part of the Online Medieval and Classical Library.

The Documentation Project
Nationwide digitization project with projects dealing with archaeology, lexicography, history, folklore and numismatics. Material in Norwegian with some explanatory information in English

Saganet: Icelandic Medieval Literature
Site created by Cornell University and the National University Library of Iceland. Features more than 400,000 digitalized pages of Icelandic legends and sagas.

Scandinavian Studies Web
The Scandinavian Studies Web is designed to provide access to scholarly resources in Scandinavian Studies. Maintained by the Western European Specialists Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries.

Viking and Medieval Scandinavian Links
This site related to Tolkein, also provides links to medieval Scandinavian sites.

Spain & Portugal

AARHMS Archive
Extensive collection of translated medieval documents including Aragonese and Catalan charters maintained by the American Academy of Research Historians of Medieval Spain.

Abraham Lincoln Brigade Archives
"Founded in 1975, ALBA is a non profit national organization devoted to the preservation and dissemination of the history of the North American role in the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) and its aftermath" These online archives include exhibits, links, finding aids and a discussion group. Housed at Brandeis University..

The Columbus Letter
Osher Map Library and Smith Center for Cartographic Education
University of Southern Maine hosts this site feauring a digital version of the 1494 Basel edition of Columbus's letter describing his voyage to the "islands of the India sea."

History of Catalonia
Links to general and some commercial sites pertaining to the history of this region of Iberia.

The Iberian Studies Web
Site designed to provide access to scholarly resources in Spanish and Portuguese Studies. Maintained by the Western European Specialists Section of the Association of College and Research Libraries.

Letters of Philip II, King of Spain, 1592-1597
150 "letters from Philip II, King of Spain, mainly to Don Diego de Orellana de Chaves, Royal Governor of Spain's northern coast, date from the time of naval war against England and France, 1592 - 1597"

A Medieval Catalan Noble Family: the Montcadas, 1000-1230
Brief essay on this Catalonian family.

Medieval Sourcebook: Iberia
Part of Fordham University's excellent historical resource, this page provides information on all topics from the Visigoths to the Seferad.

Medieval Spain
Many links to general sites about medieval Spain and Portugal. Includes sites dealing with Islamic Spain.

Spanish History Index
Huge site maintained as part of the World Wide Web Virtual Library. All aspects of Iberian history and culture are included here