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Link to BCC Biology Subject Guide

Databases, Indexes, Directories & Gateways Environmental Sciences
General Sites Microbiology and Molecular Biology


Marine Biology
Dictionaries & Encyclopedias Online Animal and Plant Biology
Genetics Taxonomy


Periodical Databases from On Campus Periodical Databases From Off Campus Print Indexes & Abstracts Online Directories, & Gateways



Online Directories & Gateways

Argus Clearinghouse
Go to Science and Mathematics for science sites. These sites were selected, evaluated and rated by subject specialists in the field. All areas of biology are covered, including gene transfer, and genetic engineering.

Bioinformatic Links
Links to numerous international sites. Many sites related to genetic sequencing and analysis are given here.

Biology Browser
This free web site created through BIOSIS offers resources for the life sciences information community including: BIOSIS resources- such as the Nomenclature Glossary for Zoology, the Zoological Record Thesaurus, the Index to Organism Names, and Guide to the Animal Kingdom for Students and Educators.

A science search engine indexing sites in the biological sciences,. Search by resource type, organism, and subtopic or through. keyword searching..

BUBL Link: Biology
This site, funded by The Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) a British based foundation, features links to hundreds of sites including international Genome mapping sites. (Go to Genome Mapping.)

BUBL Link : Evolution
Numerous links to dozens of sites..

BUBL Link : General Biology
"A searchable catalogue of annotated links relating to the health and life sciences. Gateways within the BIOME service include OMNI covering health and medicine, AgriFor which provides a guide to agriculture, food and forestry, VetGate for animal health, and BioResearch for biological and biomedical sciences material".

BUBL Zoology
A searchable directory site leading to information on Zoology.

Enzyme Structure Database
This database contains the known enzyme structures that have been deposited in the Brookhaven Protein Data Bank (the PDB).

SciCentral: Biology
A directory of directories

National Biological Information Infrastructure
This website created by the U.S. Geologic Survey provides access to extensive biological information on the web. Organized by category (biological discipline, geographic region, and current issues) the site is easy to navigate. Links also provided to additional data and bioinformatics sites.

Science Niche
This site provides science guides and tutorials in general biology, general chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry, biotechnology, colleges, graduate schools, teaching science, and science career. Included here also are links to science news and such useful science tools -as a scientific calculator, , molar mass calculator, the periodic table of the elements, and fundamental physical constants.

YAHOO Biology Index - submitted biology resources, no selection or evaluation

The WWW Virtual Library: Biology Links
Here you will find quick links to biology-related material within its own web site, plus links to societies, organizations, foundations, databases, and more from around the world.

General Sites

American Association for the Advancement of Science Evolution Resources
"Addresses the scientific content of evolutionary theory, with discussions of science, ethics and religion, educational resources covering the diversity of life, constancy and change, and human identity, and articles giving scientific responses to criticisms of Darwin's theory. Contains links to the full text of The Origin of Species and The Descent of Man, court cases describing decisions affecting the teaching of evolutionary theory in American schools, and related papers from Scientific American and the National Academy of Sciences." (Cornell University Library)
Cornell University Library hosts this archive providing searchable access to 359,541 research papers in physics, mathematics, computer science, and quantitative biology.

Becoming Human
An interactive documentary tracing four million years of human evolution.

Bio Links
Biozone, a publisher of biology textbooks, has created this organized collection of links

Indiana University and the University of Texas at Austin collaborate on this tool for students and researchers of Biology and Chemistry. It includes a dictionary that allows searching by either the term to be defined or by words that might be found in the definition, as well as the Chemical Acronyms Database. Two other sections called Professional Resources and Science Resources serve as WWW guides to an impressive array of sites relevant to Biology and Chemistry students and professionals including areas such as jobs, schools, organizations, regulations, government, industry, biochemistry, molecular biology and genetics, ecology, evolution, microbiology, medicine and protocols and methods.

The Biology Project
Developed by the University of Arizona, this site is an online, interactive tutorial designed for high school and undergraduate college biology students. Topics covered include Biochemistry, Cell Biology, Chemicals and Human Health, Developmental Biology, Human Biology, Immunology, Mendelian Genetics, and Molecular Biology. Some tutorials available in Spanish.

Biosis: Internet Guide for Zoology
A free guide to finding zoology related information on the internet. Also See

BIRDNET: The Ornithological Information Source
Besides the wealth of information on birding and ornithology that can be found at this site, links are also provided to ornithological societies that each have even more information to offer. This is a good starting point for bird pictures.

Botany Online
On-going online project to create an internet textbook on Botany.

CalPhotos is a collection of more than 100,000 digital images of fungi, plants, and animals. Photos can be browsed by common name or scientific name

Cells Alive
Excellent visual site featuring photographs and video footage.

Computer simulation of biological evolution in structured populations
Free software package for the simulation of genetic evolution in structured or viscous populations.

eNature (National Wildlife Federation)
This site has 5,500 field guides for birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, seashells, seahorse creatures, spiders, insects, butterflies, wildflowers, and trees. Some of the categories in the field guides are family, description, endangered status, similar, species, breeding, habitat, range, discussion, and tracks (mammals).

Entomology Index of Internet Resources
From Iowa State University comes this tremendous Internet directory and search engine for insect subject matter.

The Extinction Files
Guide to natural extinctions with reference to biodiversity. Covers mass extinctions and the various climate, asteroid and sea-level theories, the most recent mass extinction - the ice age

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
"Database of species threatened with extinction. Searches can be limited by geographical location and/or red list category (includes extinct, endangered, vulnerable). Also features a set of summary statistics, and listings of habitat and threat types."

Internet Resources for Botany and Plant Ecology
Well thought out links leading to sites in various disciplines of Plant Ecology and Botany, created by Dr. A. E. Throckmorton, Professor in the
Biology Department of Westminster College. (Pennsylvannia)

International Code of Botanical Nomenclature
"Official international system of rules of nomenclature used by botanists in all countries, dealing with the terms which denote the ranks of taxonomic groups or units and the scientific names which are applied to the individual taxonomic groups of plants."

Linus Pauling and the Race for DNA
"Utilizing over 800 scanned documents, photographs, audio clips and video excerpts, this website narrates the breathless details of the pursuit of the discovery of the double helix structure of DNA. Scattered throughout the project are images of a number of very important and extremely rare items, all of which are held within The Valley Library's Ava Helen and Linus Pauling Papers, and many of which have not been previously displayed. "

National Academy of Sciences
Established by Congress to "investigate, examine, experiment and report upon any subject of science or art", the academy reports to the nation by drawing on the expertise of members who represent the very best in their fields from academia, industry and government. To this end the site includes current science news and information on just about every branch of science imaginable including the full-text of reports. Of special interest in the area of biology are sections on laboratory animals and human gene testing.

National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature (Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University)
Bibliographic database that contain citation information for "journal articles, book chapters, bills, laws, court decisions, reports, books, audiovisuals, and news articles relating to bioethics, professional ethics, and ethics and public policy issues in genetics." This site also has readymade bibliographies. If items are not available at the Jonathan Edwards Library, or in CWMARS, you can request an InterLibrary Loan.

"Established in 1988 as a national resource for molecular biology information, NCBI creates public databases, conducts research in computational biology, develops software tools for analyzing genome data, and disseminates biomedical information."

Origin of the Species
Full text of On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life.

Species 2000
"An index of plant species, animals, fungi and microbes found on Earth. Databases can be searched by name or type of organism. "

What is Photosynthesis?
Comprehensive and thorough site featuring information and links to sites describing the process of photosynthesis. Maintained by the ASU Center for the Study of Early Events in Photosynthesis which was established in 1988 as part of a joint grant program of the Department of Energy, the National Science Foundation, and the Department of Agriculture

WWW Virtual Library: Evolution
This site was created at Harvard for the WWW Virtual Library project. It provides an index of resources on evolution and includes a museums and exhibits, collections, molecular evolution, palaeontology and natural history, journals, books and software.

Dictionaries & Encyclopedias

Life Science Dictionary
A searchable dictionary of more than 8,500 terms from biochemistry, biotechnology, botany, cell biology, and other sciences.

NatureServe Explorer: An Online Encyclopedia of Life
Search this comprehensive online encyclopedia by scientific or common name.

Kimball's Biology Pages
This site provides alphabetized lists of biological terms in a index/glossary form with links to discussions of a wide range of biological topics.


Biomedical Link to Medical & Nursing Sites



Cells Alive!
Cells Alive! is an award-winning site with heavy emphasis on microbiological and immunological topics.

Features directories arranged topically, each section relating to a major disease.

PubMed Central
PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine, provides access to millions of MEDLINE citations back to the mid-1960's and additional life science journals. PubMed includes links to many sites providing full text articles and other related resources. Also see Medline through Ebscohost at the Library's Ebsohost page at:

Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP)
The mission of the University of Minnesota's CIDRAP is "[t]o prevent illness and death from infectious diseases through epidemiologic research and the rapid translation of scientific information into real-world practical applications and solutions." This resource has news, overviews, images, resource lists, and other information on influenza, bioterrorism, biosecurity, food safety, and more.

All the Virology on the WWW
"...seeks to be the best single site for Virology information on the Internet. We have collected all the virology related Web sites that might be of interest to our fellow virologists, and others interested in learning more about viruses. Additionally, we have created an index to virus pictures on the web, The Big Picture Book of Viruses, which also functions as a resource for viral taxonomy. A collection of some of the best Online Virology and Microbiology Course Notes available can also be found here."




Comparative Genomic Analyses
"The central goal of this PGA is to use a comparative genomic approach first to identify, and then to determine the function of elements regulating the expression of genes affecting the cardiovascular system. " Software is available here.

The Cooperative Human Linkage Center
Maps, markers, information and related sites. "The goal of the Cooperative Human Linkage Center was to develop statistically rigorous, high heterozygosity genetic maps of the human genome that are greatly enriched for the presence of easy-to-use PCR-formatted microsatellite markers. "

Doe Joint Genome Insitute
Introductory site with Chronology and essay on genomics. AUCLA Berkeley related site.

Dendrome: Forest Tree Genome Site
"Dendrome is a collection of forest tree genome databases and other forest genetic information resources for the international forest genetics community. Dendrome is part of a larger collaborative effort to construct genome databases for major crop and forest species."

Genome: How it Works
This site, sponsored by Pfizer and the Smithsonian, while geared to the grade school set, is informative for adults too.

Genome Programs of the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science
This site has information on the Human Genome Project, Microbial Genome Project, a media collection and resources for teachers.

Genomics and Its Impact on Science and Society: The Human Genome Project and Beyond (U.S. Department of Energy Human Genome Program)
Updated edition of the Primer on Molecular Genetics covers the most recent developments on the Human Genome Project, . This primer is available in HTML, PDF, and PowerPoint formats.

Gramene: A Comparative Mapping Resource for Grains
"Gramene is a curated, open-source, Web-accessible data resource for comparative genome analysis in the grasses." Formerly part of the Rice Genome database, this site includes a search engine.

Human Genome Management Information System (HGMIS)
(Department of Energy Human Genome Project). "Contains U.S. and worldwide information." This gateway to a plethora of information of genome science is created and maintained by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Human Genome Program

Human Mouse Homology Map
The Human-Mouse conserved synteny maps. This is a NCBI site.

Los Alamos Center for Genome Testing
Information on projects and high definition mapping.

Mapping the Human Genome -
Ernesto Orlando Berkeley National Laboratory site operated through the University of California at Berkeley.

Mapping the Icelandic Genome
"An international forum for debate and analysis of the deCode Project, established to produce a genomic map of the people of Iceland"

This educational resources provides information on the origins of classical genetics, introductory data analysis, elementary plant science, and the history and literature of science. Gregor Mendel's 1865 paper "Versuche über Pflanzen-Hybriden" is included on here.

A human mitochondrial genome database, this Emory University site uses the mtDNA sequence as the unifying element for bringing together information on "mitochondrial genome structure and function, pathogenic mutations and their clinical characteristics, population associated variation, and gene-gene interactions."

Mouse Genome
"Mouse Genome Informatics (MGI) provides integrated access to data on the genetics, genomics, and biology of the laboratory mouse."

National Center For Genome Mapping
This is a non-profit, bioinformatics research center providing free software to the scientific community.

National Human Genome Research Institute
"The National Human Genome Research Institute led the Human Genome Project for the National Institutes of Health, which culminated in the completion of the full human genome sequence in April 2003." Information on this project and current projects are given here.

NCBI - Human Genome Resources
This is an excellent site to begin with, sponsored by the Governent and regularly updated. It has a powerful search engine and features information on all levels. You will find a user's guide to sequences and clone reagnets and Full Length cDNAs; a public repository for gene expression and hybridization data; acomputational system for organizating transcribed sequences into gene-based clusters; A guide to genes and inherited disorders maintained and much more.

San Francsico Exploratorium: Diving into the Gene Pool
Wonderful eclectic compendium of gene-related pointers to other exhaustive lists. Includes the Virtual Genome Center .

Sequence analysis bibliographic reference database
A bibliographic reference data bank relative to papers dealing with sequence analysis. This data bank stores the references of articles from the expanding field of mathematical and computer analysis of biomolecular sequences

Stanford Human Genome Project
Information from Stanford University, who recently completed the sequencing of human chromosomes 19, 5 and 16.

Tiger Rice Index
"The TIGR Rice Gene Index (OsGI) integrates research data from international rice gene research projects. All data in the Index are freely available and do not require a user account for access. The goal of this project is to ultimately represent a non-redundant view of all rice genes and data on their expression patterns, cellular roles, functions, and evolutionary relationships. "

Whitehead Genome Center at MIT
In addition to information on MIT, this site includes links to other sites of interest.



Microbiology Molecular Biology

An extensive list of resources from all areas of microbiology await the user here, as well as featured articles and spotlighted news briefs. The directory is searchable, providing material to sites about specific microbiology disciplines such as environmental, food, industrial, medical, and veterinary. Also includes links to employment, organizations, companies, publications, news, events, and call for articles, and FAQs.

EPA Microbiology
"The purpose of this site is to provide access to microbiology related information that has been developed or managed by the Agency. EPA methods related to bacteria, viruses and protozoans can be found at this site."

Todar's Online Textbook of Bacteriology
Created by University of Wisconsin-Madison professor, Dr. Kenneth Todar, this online textbook includes sections on general bacteriology, bacterial relationships with animals, principles of bacterial pathogenesis, bacterial pathogens and diseases of humans and emerging pathogens.


Molecular Biology

National Center for Biotechnology Information
A text-based search engine thatcross-searches the major websites and web publishers of information in the field of molecular biology, including OMIM and PubMed. You will find citations, online tutorials, links to bioinformatics databases, and links to download software tools for sequencing and other data retrieval.

DNA Interactive
Covering the gentic code, gene manipulation and applications of DNA, this site provides educational resources and links to recent news.

Marine Biology
Information on aquatic environments, sealife, marine conservation and conservancy.

Marine Biology WEB
An educational resource providing extensuive reference lists organized by subject.

A unique site providing annotated time-lapse video and images of the biological development of fish and fish embryo cells.


Plant Biology Animal Biology


Animal Biology

Animal Diversity Web (University of Michigan Museum of Zoology)
This site created by the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology features extensive searchable information of animal species with classification information and photographs. The site is organized into sections listing habitat, reproduction, food habits, and conservation status.

This image collection is divided into two priciple areas: The Globally Endangered Chapter - featuring the world's endangered and protected species and The British Chapter - featuring endangered, protected and common species. ARKive provides pictures, movies, and detailed information on species including a description, range, habitat, biology, threats, conservation, links for further information, and references.

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature
ICZN was founded in 1895. Its task is to create, publish and, periodically, to revise the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature. This site provides contact and ordering inforamtion for thecommission's lists and documentation.

Primate Info Net
Created by the National Primate Research Center at the University of Wisconsin at Madison, "Primate Info Net (PIN) is designed to cover the broad field of primatology providing original content and links to resources about nonhuman primates in research, education and conservation.

Smithsonian Zoology
A comprehensive collection of links and prepared bibliographies arranged taxonomically by species and genus. Many of the links are to the websites of the National Museum of Natural History and the National Zoo.

Wildlife Websites Links
Extensive links to New England wildlife sites created by the New England Wildlife Center.


Plant Biology

PLANTS Database
"The PLANTS Database provides standardized information about the vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories." Information can be found by searching for plant names, browsing by topic, or selecting from a list of FAQs. Created by the USDA: National Resources Conservation Service.

Smithsonian Botony
Created and maintained by the Smithsonian, this site provides a catalog of Botanical illustrations, and information on agriculture and horticulture.

This World Wildlife created tool lets you search for species in particular place (by city, zip code, or country) or search a species name to see where it lives. Species' scientific name, common name, threat status, distribution map, and images are also provided..


NCBI Taxonomy Database
This browsable database contains the names of all organisms that are represented in the genetic databases with at least one nucleotide or protein sequence.

Integrated Taxonomic Information System
"The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) is a partnership of U.S., Canadian, and Mexican agencies, other organizations, and taxonomic specialists cooperating on the development of an on-line, scientifically credible, list of biological names focusing on the biota of North America."











Ecological abstracts. Norwich, England: Geo Abstracts, 1974- Ref QH540 .E27

Environment abstracts annual. New York: EIC Intelligence Inc. Ref QH540.E5 1988
v.18 (1988)

Environment index. New York: Environment Information Center. Ref QH540.E5 v.1-
9 (1971-1979), v.14-17 (1984-1987)

General science index. New York, H. W. Wilson Co. Ref Q1 .G4 v. 2 (1979)-24 (2002)